Volume 2018

Issue 1/2018 - World Power versus World Organization

In January 2017, two important appointments transpired almost contemporaneously: With Donald J. Trump as President of the United States and UN Secretary General António Guterres, two hardly more different personalities guide the destinies of a world power and world organization respectively. The authors of Issue 1/2018 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN look into the American UN policy under Trump and reach some conclusions, as the behavior of the US towards the UN still plays an important role in international politics.

Barbara Crossette looks back at 2017 and follows the important, turbulent developments between the USA under President Trump and UN Secretary General Guterres. Former member of the House of Representatives Tom Periello confirms this dynamic in the US-UN relationship in the “Three Questions to” section. There also is a historical continuity illustrated in the US’s demands that the world organization reform. Josef Braml dedicates his analysis to American’s demands for UN reforms and the background of these mantra-like utterances. However, regarding the announced exit of the USA from the Paris Climate Accord, Manuela Mattheß asserts that this in no way means the end of the international fight against climate change. On the other hand, Lea-Sophie Zielinski is pessimistic about American protection of human rights. She fears that under the current US government, human rights abuses will attain a new quality.

 

Issue 2/2018 - Gathered at the Horseshoe Table

Germany has applied no more than six times for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council for the year 2019 and 2020. In this issue the candidacy of Germany will be taken as an occasion to look behind the scenes of the Security Council and its functioning. The authors of Issue 2/2018 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN analyze problems with which the occasionally-dysfunctional Council is confronted.

Anja Papenfuß looks specifically at the German candidacy for a non-permanent seat on the UN Security Council and assesses the application’s chances for success. In the ‘Drei Fragen an’ section, Member of Parliament Margarete Bause criticizes the German Federal Government for not giving the global organization the necessary priority in its foreign policy. In an interview from his position in New York, Christoph Heusgen, Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations, speaks about the candidacy for the UN Security Council and Germany’s international responsibilities. Thomas Dörfler emphasizes that many key decisions of the Security Council are made far from public view in the Sanctions Committee, and this necessitates a more detailed analysis of its activity. Indeed, as Eric J. Ballbach shows, sanctions don’t always contribute to the solution of a conflict, like in the case of North Korea and its nuclear weapons program. As a current non-permanent member in the council, Sweden is proceeding with a clear agenda in its feminist foreign policy. Sophia Becker and Kristina Lunz show what this approach means concretely and which effects it can have on debates on security. 

 

Issue 3/2018 - Israel and Palestine in the United Nations

The repeated flare-up of violence at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel has thrown the Middle East conflict back into public view. How has the United Nations behaved with respect to the parties in the conflict and what relationship does Israel and Palestine have with this global organization? The contributors to Issue 3/2018 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN will investigate these questions.

In their contribution, Jan Busse and Stephan Stetter emphasize that the relationship between Israel and the United Nations has always been complicated. Muriel Asseburg traces developments up to now, but in her analysis she considers the realization of Palestinian statehood to be increasingly unrealistic. Mayeul Hiéramente pursues the question of which prospects a legal investigation into possible war crimes through the International Criminal Court could have. (Link to article) In the ‘Drei Fragen an’ section, UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process Nickolay Mladenov urges that the international community must return to conflict-resolution instead of endless conflict-management. Roland Bernecker shows how the Middle East conflict is affecting the work of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization as it relates to the dispute between Israel and Palestine over the recognition of World Heritage sites.

 

Issue 4/2018 – International Ocean Governance

Despite their importance, the oceans experience relatively little attention as an important habitat in international affairs.  At the same time, however, there exists a worldwide need for regulation and action in order to curb pollution of the seas and to limit conflicts on high seas. The authors of Issue 4/2018 of VEREINTE NATIONEN examine which aspects of international maritime policy to take into account and what role the United Nations should play in this area.

Barbara Neumann, Sebastian Unger and Martin Visbeck see in Goal 14 (“Life Under Water”) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development a large chance for protection of the sees. However, implementation faces complex challenges. In the “Drei Fragen an” section, Shoko Noda, the current UN Resident Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative to the Maldives, speaks about the local measures taken to protect marine environments. In her Standpunkt, Aline Jaeckel recommends that the International Seabed Authority (ISA) should develop clear rules for commercial deep seabed mining. In her contribution, Nele Matz-Lück considers the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) as more closely related to the UN system. The oceans are also the subject of clashes in the realm of security politics. Kerstin Petretto emphasizes that these developments demand a rethinking of existing sea security policy with the involvement of the UN.