Volume 2017

Issue 1/2017 - The United Nations Secretary-General

At the beginning of the new year 2017, António Guterres succeeded Ban Ki-moon as the ninth UN Secretary-General. In issue 1/2017 of VEREINTE NATIONEN, Kirsten Haack investigates what distinguished the Secretaries-General from one another and how they each changed the UN bureaucracy in the last 70 years. Tim Richter, Natalie Samarasinghe, Joachim Müller and Karl P. Sauvant each give their own assessment of the selection proceedings of Guterres. Alexandra Pichler-Fong and Sebastian von Einsiedel evaluate the work of high-level panels and put forth criteria for their success. Manuel Fröhlich and Natalie Tröller analyze what kind of world Ban Ki-moon as a manager of administration, conflict and ideas has left behind.

Donald Trump’s taking office in the United States has presented large challenges for the international community. Patrick Rosenow takes a look at American UN policy in his Comment, Dagmar Dehmer reports as a participant at the Habitat III-Conference, and the EU Special Envoy for the Peace Process in Colombia answers the “Three Questions to…”

 

Issue 2/2017 - Civil Society and the United Nations

Since the founding of the United Nations, the number of UN-accredited NGOs has significantly increased. Non-governmental organizations see their task in influencing the UN and its member states. The authors in Issue 2/2017 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN discuss what this collaboration should look like. The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and of Association, Maina Kiai, speaks in an interview about the role of the United Nations and civil society. In order to improve upon the collaboration between civil society and the UN, Helmut K. Anheier proposes a “World Assembly of Civil Society”. In her contribution, Sarah Rödiger emphasizes that civil society can commit itself against the systematic abuse of human rights.

Alongside these contributions on the main topic of this issue, Antje Monshausen calls for more sustainability in tourism and the further development of the UN World Tourism Organization (UNTWO). Christian Blume examines the relatively new UN Liaison Office for Peace and Security (UNLOPS) and Klaus Hüfner looks more closely at the German contributions to the United Nations between the years 2014 and 2017.

 

Issue 3/2017 - Reform Processes in the United Nations

Shortly after his swearing-in, UN Secretary-General António Guterres spoke about the necessity of reforming the United Nations. The organization must become “more maneuverable and more efficient” so that it can more quickly and appropriately react to current conflicts. In Issue 3/2017 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN, the authors discuss how the different UN reform processes in the fields of security, development, human rights and humanitarian aid look at this point in time.

Sophie Eisentraut analyzes the reform of the working methods of the UN Security Council. Max-Otto Baumann devotes his contribution to the reorientation of UN development systems under the 2030 Agenda. With the “Human Rights up Front” initiative, the UN Secretary General is attempting to establish early warning mechanisms within the United Nations before severe human rights violations occur. Gerrit Kurtz presents and evaluates a selection of these mechanisms. Dieter Reinhardt discusses whether or not, in the face of the chronic underfunding of UN aid organizations, mandatory contributions would be more effective than voluntary contributions. Ursula Müller also acknowledges these financial problems in the “Drei Fragen an…” Since March 2017, she has been the Assistant Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Deputy Emergency Relief Coordinator in the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Alongside these contributions on the main topic of this issue, Detlef Dzembritzki calls for Germany’s substantially strong engagement in the United Nations. Thomas Hickmann devotes himself to the question of how climate protection policy after the Paris Agreement can be implemented by all member states.

 

Issue 4/2017 - Fighting Terrorism and the United Nations

UN Secretary-General António Guterres is serious: The creation of a new United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) under the leadership of an Under-Secretary-General is an important step in confronting the global phenomenon of terrorism coherently. Preventive measures should play a larger role than before. The authors of Issue 4/2017 of VEREINTE NATIONEN analyze how the UN’s present efforts to fight terrorism stand.

In spite of some reforms, the fight against terrorism has severely limited human rights. Christian Kreuder-Sonnen has come to this conclusion, as he examines the UN Security Council’s present sanctions process more closely. Harmut Behr shows the strategic and political developments the UN has undertaken with their numerous institutional reforms since September 11, 2001. On the other hand, as John Karlsrud argues in his contribution, the United Nations peacekeeping service is not a suitable instrument for combating terrorism. Against this backdrop, Siobhan O'Neil warns against the abuse of certain terminologies which can, for example, stigmatize children as terrorists.

 

Issue 5/2017 - People on Escape

The world is moving: Presently, according to the United Nations, more than 65 million people are fleeing worldwide. That constitutes an increase of over 200 percent in comparison to the year 2000. What has also climbed is the number of migrants who have left their home countries for economic reasons. The authors in Issue 5/2017 of VEREINTE NATIONEN investigate which answers the United Nations has found to the problems of the migration and fleeing of peoples.

Against the backdrop of the UN Summit for Refugees and Migrants in New York in 2016, it is time to reflect and take stock. In her contribution, Anne Koch takes a closer look at the developments of last year. The current negotiations about an agreement on refugees and migration, with the goal of better regulating worldwide migration among member states, are also bringing about United Nations reforms. For example, the International Organization for Migration became a part of the UN system in 2016. However, in contrast to other UN organizations, it is not bound to a specific international convention, which brings with it a number of problems, so says Martin Geiger. A further problem is that the number of people that have to flee natural disasters because of climate change is increasing. Walter Kälin finds that to date, the UN has found no coherent answer to the phenomenon of climate refugees.

 

Issue 6/2017 - Gender Equality

The United Nations has dealt with the topic of gender equality in many different ways since the beginning of the 2000s. Along with the strengthening of rights for women, the rights of gays, lesbians, bi-, trans- and intersexual individuals (LGBTIs) has come into focus in the last few years in particular – despite the resistance of numerous UN member states. The authors of Issue 6/2017 of the journal VEREINTE NATIONEN investigate the state of international gender equality, as well as the challenges that confront the UN.

In her contribution “Einiges erreicht, aber noch viel zu tun”, Nina Eschke emphasizes that UN member states are increasingly recognizing the rights of LGBTIs as human rights. However, these individuals are to this day still being discriminated against and persecuted. The Agenda 2030 offers an important conceptual frame to achieve international gender equality. But in her analysis, Gabriele Köhler urges that more effort is still needed on the part of member states. An important forum for international equality policy is the UN Commission on the Status of Women (CSW). In her contribution, Nicole Herzog determines that the workability of this traditional body is facing significant challenges. Not least because the UN Security Council already adopted UN Resolution 1325 on the topic of women, peace and security in the year 2000. Though, as Jeannette Böhme argues in her article, it lacks resources for the implementation of the resolution.