Ten Priorities for the Future UN-Policy of Germany
1. Strengthen the United Nations
German policy must push for more solutions to problems within the framework of the United Nations.
2. Politically Enhance UN Peacekeeping
Germany should play a stronger role in UN peacekeeping operations and support measures related to sustainable peacekeeping. Germany must also finally make a significant contribution to the United Nations police force.
3. Place Active Conflict Prevention at the Center of German UN Policy
The German and international capacities for conflict management need to be strengthened. Furthermore, German policy must actively recommend a worldwide and rapid implementation of the Arms Trade Treaty (at least 50 states worldwide must ratify the treaty in addition to becoming parties to it). The export of military equipment to conflict zones needs to be avoided. The oversight mechanisms of the Bundestag must be substantially broadened in this area.
4. Comply with International Law and Strengthen the Responsibility to Protect as well as International Criminal Law
In the context of the UN peacekeeping system, Germany needs to strengthen the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) in order to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. It is an unconditional responsibility of German policy to continue to consistently support the International Criminal Court (ICC), its further development, funding and cooperation to expand its capacities.
5. Become a Pioneer: Take Climate Change Seriously
In order to create a binding global climate agreement, Germany must seek to reform European emission standards in addition to supporting the Durban Process and the World Climate Conference in 2015.
6. Strengthen Multilateral Cooperation on Development Projects, Do not Give Up on the 0.7% Goal
Financial contributions to the UN Development Programme (UNDP) must be substantially increased, paid into the core budget and promised for at least two years. Furthermore, there must not be any formal division between – as is previously common - bilateral and multilateral cooperation on issues related to international development. Germany must urgently increase its voluntary contributions on top of the already compulsory level of financial contributions. Germany must comply with its own commitment to annually spend 0.7% of its gross national product (GNP) on development initiatives starting in 2015, as agreed in accordance with the Millennium Development Goals.
7. Draw Conclusions from Economic and Social Crises
Germany is asked, within the framework of the United Nations, to commit to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in the post-2015 agenda. German policy must work to ensure that the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is strengthened, so that it can effectively carry out its coordinating tasks. By strengthening ECOSOC, the Federal Government can follow through with the preexisting idea of developing a council on economic security.
8. Strengthen and Promote Education Worldwide
Education is the key to enhancing development and must be the focal point of initiatives committed to reformulating global sustainable goals. German policy on the federal level and especially in each state must not tolerate the withholding of funds to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Rather, German policy must support the organization so that it can once more fully carry out its mandate. UNA-Germany proposes to the Standing Conference of Ministers that October 24th, United Nations Day, should become a national project day. We recommend that the Federal Government should support this initiative.
9. Establish New Prospects for Reform
Despite substantial resistance, Germany must not give up on its goal of reforming the UN Security Council. The anniversary of the United Nations in 2015 should be the occasion for new efforts of comprehensive structural reform at the UN. In addition, the practical steps of reform, such as the “Delivering as One” development initiative must be actively supported.
10. Ratify and Comply with Agreements and Conventions
German policy is required to ensure that:
- the Optional Protocol to the ICESRC on individual complaints is ratified,
- the UN Convention against Corruption is ratified, and
- the National Preventive Mechanisms of the Convention against Torture are appropriately equipped.
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